Each academic year, by the end of May, teachers, instructors and administrative staff of S4J partner VET providers engage in a very important process: tracing graduates. The process is done following the Tracer methodology first piloted with the support of the project in 2017 (click here for Tracer manual, Albanian only). Since then, three cohorts of graduates have been traced (2016, 2017, 2018).
The tracing process is essential for VET institutions to understand the rate of young professionals that have entered the labour market one year after graduating the VET school or after completing a training in the VTC. Based on this data, VET institutions are also able to assess their performance in terms of preparing skilled professionals for the labour market.
The result from the last tracer study show a promising trend. More VET graduates enter the labour market. 48% of those who graduated in 2018 were working compared to 34% of those who graduated in 2016. Among VT certified trainees, 52% of the 2018 trainees were working compared to 42% for 2016 trainees. The proportion of VE graduates who were unemployed slightly decreased from 36% to 28%. The rate of VE graduates who attend the university or further studies remained stable around 20%.
Labour market outcomes appear to differ with respect to gender, though the gender employment gap has slightly decreased from 27% (2016 VE graduates) to 23% and to 20% (2018 VE graduates).
The share of those earning a minimum salary or above increased for both groups. For VE graduates, there was an increase from 79% for the 2016 cohort to 89% for the 2018 cohort. For VT certified trainees, the increase was from 91% to 98% for the 2018 trainees.
Vocational education graduates are earning more and more. Collected data shows that the share of those earning above the minimum salary and beyond that has increased, while there’s a decrease in the share of those earning below the minimum salary. The percentage of graduates that earn in the net salary range of 35,000 – 50,000 ALL increased for VE graduates from 16% to 22%, and for VT trainees from 32% to 36%.
Footnote:Whereas tracer data for the 2016 cohort of graduates included only 4 providers, for the 2017 and 2018 cohort data include a total of 6 providers (including vocational “Gjergj Canco” and “Hamdi Bushati” schools). Due to this fact, there might appear discrepancies from previous periods reporting.